Analytical chemistry uses knowledge of chemistry, instrumentation, and statistics
to solve problems in almost all areas of chemistry and for a variety of industries.
Analytical measurements are used to assure the safety and quality of food,
pharmaceuticals, and water; to assure compliance with environmental and other regulations;
to support the legal process; to help physicians diagnose diseases; and to provide
measurements and documentation essential to trade and commerce.
Chemical education refers to the study of the teaching and learning of chemistry
in school at all levels of education. Topics include understanding how students
learn chemistry, the best teaching methods and the training of chemistry teachers.
Forensic chemistry is about the analysis of non-biological trace evidence
found at crime scenes in order to identify unknown materials and match samples
to known substances. It uses criminalistics, the qualitative examination of
evidence using microscopy and spot testing, and analytical toxicology that looks
for evidence in body fluids through a range of instrumental techniques from
optical methods to separations analyses.
Inorganic chemistry studies the synthesis, reactions, structures and properties of
compounds of the elements.
Nanoscience is the study of atoms, molecules and objects on the scale of nanometers.
Organic, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Organic Chemistry investigates the structure, properties and reactions of molecules
that contain carbon atoms.
Physical and Biophysical Chemistry
Physical chemistry is the study of the behavior of matter on molecular and atomic
levels, as well as how chemical reactions occur. Biophysical chemistry uses
the concepts of physics and physical chemistry for the study of biological systems.